File:  [Local Repository] / gnujdoc / coreutils-5.0 / doclicense.texi
Revision 1.1: download - view: text, annotated - select for diffs
Sat Feb 21 14:45:54 2004 UTC (16 years, 8 months ago) by futoshi
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CVS tags: HEAD
Add coreutils-5.0.

    1: @c -*-texinfo-*-
    2: @node GNU Free Documentation License
    3: @appendix GNU Free Documentation License
    4: @center Version 1.1, March 2000
    5: @ifnottex
    6: @menu
    7: * How to use this License for your documents::
    8: @end menu
    9: @end ifnottex
   10: @display
   11: Copyright (C) 2000  Free Software Foundation, Inc.
   12: 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307  USA
   13: 
   14: Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies
   15: of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.
   16: @end display
   17: @iftex
   18: @sp1
   19: @end iftex
   20: @enumerate 0
   21: @item
   22: PREAMBLE
   23: 
   24: The purpose of this License is to make a manual, textbook, or other
   25: written document ``free'' in the sense of freedom: to assure everyone
   26: the effective freedom to copy and redistribute it, with or without
   27: modifying it, either commercially or noncommercially.  Secondarily,
   28: this License preserves for the author and publisher a way to get
   29: credit for their work, while not being considered responsible for
   30: modifications made by others.
   31: 
   32: This License is a kind of ``copyleft'', which means that derivative
   33: works of the document must themselves be free in the same sense.  It
   34: complements the GNU General Public License, which is a copyleft
   35: license designed for free software.
   36: 
   37: We have designed this License in order to use it for manuals for free
   38: software, because free software needs free documentation: a free
   39: program should come with manuals providing the same freedoms that the
   40: software does.  But this License is not limited to software manuals;
   41: it can be used for any textual work, regardless of subject matter or
   42: whether it is published as a printed book.  We recommend this License
   43: principally for works whose purpose is instruction or reference.
   44: @iftex
   45: @sp1
   46: @end iftex
   47: @item
   48: APPLICABILITY AND DEFINITIONS
   49: 
   50: This License applies to any manual or other work that contains a
   51: notice placed by the copyright holder saying it can be distributed
   52: under the terms of this License.  The ``Document'', below, refers to any
   53: such manual or work.  Any member of the public is a licensee, and is
   54: addressed as ``you''.
   55: 
   56: A ``Modified Version'' of the Document means any work containing the
   57: Document or a portion of it, either copied verbatim, or with
   58: modifications and/or translated into another language.
   59: 
   60: A ``Secondary Section'' is a named appendix or a front-matter section of
   61: the Document that deals exclusively with the relationship of the
   62: publishers or authors of the Document to the Document's overall subject
   63: (or to related matters) and contains nothing that could fall directly
   64: within that overall subject.  (For example, if the Document is in part a
   65: textbook of mathematics, a Secondary Section may not explain any
   66: mathematics.)  The relationship could be a matter of historical
   67: connection with the subject or with related matters, or of legal,
   68: commercial, philosophical, ethical or political position regarding
   69: them.
   70: 
   71: The ``Invariant Sections'' are certain Secondary Sections whose titles
   72: are designated, as being those of Invariant Sections, in the notice
   73: that says that the Document is released under this License.
   74: 
   75: The ``Cover Texts'' are certain short passages of text that are listed,
   76: as Front-Cover Texts or Back-Cover Texts, in the notice that says that
   77: the Document is released under this License.
   78: 
   79: A ``Transparent'' copy of the Document means a machine-readable copy,
   80: represented in a format whose specification is available to the
   81: general public, whose contents can be viewed and edited directly and
   82: straightforwardly with generic text editors or (for images composed of
   83: pixels) generic paint programs or (for drawings) some widely available
   84: drawing editor, and that is suitable for input to text formatters or
   85: for automatic translation to a variety of formats suitable for input
   86: to text formatters.  A copy made in an otherwise Transparent file
   87: format whose markup has been designed to thwart or discourage
   88: subsequent modification by readers is not Transparent.  A copy that is
   89: not ``Transparent'' is called ``Opaque''.
   90: 
   91: Examples of suitable formats for Transparent copies include plain
   92: ASCII without markup, Texinfo input format, LaTeX input format, SGML
   93: or XML using a publicly available DTD, and standard-conforming simple
   94: HTML designed for human modification.  Opaque formats include
   95: PostScript, PDF, proprietary formats that can be read and edited only
   96: by proprietary word processors, SGML or XML for which the DTD and/or
   97: processing tools are not generally available, and the
   98: machine-generated HTML produced by some word processors for output
   99: purposes only.
  100: 
  101: The ``Title Page'' means, for a printed book, the title page itself,
  102: plus such following pages as are needed to hold, legibly, the material
  103: this License requires to appear in the title page.  For works in
  104: formats which do not have any title page as such, ``Title Page'' means
  105: the text near the most prominent appearance of the work's title,
  106: preceding the beginning of the body of the text.
  107: @iftex
  108: @sp1
  109: @end iftex
  110: @item
  111: VERBATIM COPYING
  112: 
  113: You may copy and distribute the Document in any medium, either
  114: commercially or noncommercially, provided that this License, the
  115: copyright notices, and the license notice saying this License applies
  116: to the Document are reproduced in all copies, and that you add no other
  117: conditions whatsoever to those of this License.  You may not use
  118: technical measures to obstruct or control the reading or further
  119: copying of the copies you make or distribute.  However, you may accept
  120: compensation in exchange for copies.  If you distribute a large enough
  121: number of copies you must also follow the conditions in section 3.
  122: 
  123: You may also lend copies, under the same conditions stated above, and
  124: you may publicly display copies.
  125: @iftex
  126: @sp1
  127: @end iftex
  128: @item
  129: COPYING IN QUANTITY
  130: 
  131: If you publish printed copies of the Document numbering more than 100,
  132: and the Document's license notice requires Cover Texts, you must enclose
  133: the copies in covers that carry, clearly and legibly, all these Cover
  134: Texts: Front-Cover Texts on the front cover, and Back-Cover Texts on
  135: the back cover.  Both covers must also clearly and legibly identify
  136: you as the publisher of these copies.  The front cover must present
  137: the full title with all words of the title equally prominent and
  138: visible.  You may add other material on the covers in addition.
  139: Copying with changes limited to the covers, as long as they preserve
  140: the title of the Document and satisfy these conditions, can be treated
  141: as verbatim copying in other respects.
  142: 
  143: If the required texts for either cover are too voluminous to fit
  144: legibly, you should put the first ones listed (as many as fit
  145: reasonably) on the actual cover, and continue the rest onto adjacent
  146: pages.
  147: 
  148: If you publish or distribute Opaque copies of the Document numbering
  149: more than 100, you must either include a machine-readable Transparent
  150: copy along with each Opaque copy, or state in or with each Opaque copy
  151: a publicly-accessible computer-network location containing a complete
  152: Transparent copy of the Document, free of added material, which the
  153: general network-using public has access to download anonymously at no
  154: charge using public-standard network protocols.  If you use the latter
  155: option, you must take reasonably prudent steps, when you begin
  156: distribution of Opaque copies in quantity, to ensure that this
  157: Transparent copy will remain thus accessible at the stated location
  158: until at least one year after the last time you distribute an Opaque
  159: copy (directly or through your agents or retailers) of that edition to
  160: the public.
  161: 
  162: It is requested, but not required, that you contact the authors of the
  163: Document well before redistributing any large number of copies, to give
  164: them a chance to provide you with an updated version of the Document.
  165: @iftex
  166: @sp1
  167: @end iftex
  168: @item
  169: MODIFICATIONS
  170: 
  171: You may copy and distribute a Modified Version of the Document under
  172: the conditions of sections 2 and 3 above, provided that you release
  173: the Modified Version under precisely this License, with the Modified
  174: Version filling the role of the Document, thus licensing distribution
  175: and modification of the Modified Version to whoever possesses a copy
  176: of it.  In addition, you must do these things in the Modified Version:
  177: 
  178: A. Use in the Title Page (and on the covers, if any) a title distinct
  179:    from that of the Document, and from those of previous versions
  180:    (which should, if there were any, be listed in the History section
  181:    of the Document).  You may use the same title as a previous version
  182:    if the original publisher of that version gives permission.@*
  183: B. List on the Title Page, as authors, one or more persons or entities
  184:    responsible for authorship of the modifications in the Modified
  185:    Version, together with at least five of the principal authors of the
  186:    Document (all of its principal authors, if it has less than five).@*
  187: C. State on the Title page the name of the publisher of the
  188:    Modified Version, as the publisher.@*
  189: D. Preserve all the copyright notices of the Document.@*
  190: E. Add an appropriate copyright notice for your modifications
  191:    adjacent to the other copyright notices.@*
  192: F. Include, immediately after the copyright notices, a license notice
  193:    giving the public permission to use the Modified Version under the
  194:    terms of this License, in the form shown in the Addendum below.@*
  195: G. Preserve in that license notice the full lists of Invariant Sections
  196:    and required Cover Texts given in the Document's license notice.@*
  197: H. Include an unaltered copy of this License.@*
  198: I. Preserve the section entitled ``History'', and its title, and add to
  199:    it an item stating at least the title, year, new authors, and
  200:    publisher of the Modified Version as given on the Title Page.  If
  201:    there is no section entitled ``History'' in the Document, create one
  202:    stating the title, year, authors, and publisher of the Document as
  203:    given on its Title Page, then add an item describing the Modified
  204:    Version as stated in the previous sentence.@*
  205: J. Preserve the network location, if any, given in the Document for
  206:    public access to a Transparent copy of the Document, and likewise
  207:    the network locations given in the Document for previous versions
  208:    it was based on.  These may be placed in the ``History'' section.
  209:    You may omit a network location for a work that was published at
  210:    least four years before the Document itself, or if the original
  211:    publisher of the version it refers to gives permission.@*
  212: K. In any section entitled ``Acknowledgements'' or ``Dedications'',
  213:    preserve the section's title, and preserve in the section all the
  214:    substance and tone of each of the contributor acknowledgements
  215:    and/or dedications given therein.@*
  216: L. Preserve all the Invariant Sections of the Document,
  217:    unaltered in their text and in their titles.  Section numbers
  218:    or the equivalent are not considered part of the section titles.@*
  219: M. Delete any section entitled ``Endorsements''.  Such a section
  220:    may not be included in the Modified Version.@*
  221: N. Do not retitle any existing section as ``Endorsements''
  222:    or to conflict in title with any Invariant Section.@*
  223: @iftex
  224: @sp1
  225: @end iftex
  226: If the Modified Version includes new front-matter sections or
  227: appendices that qualify as Secondary Sections and contain no material
  228: copied from the Document, you may at your option designate some or all
  229: of these sections as invariant.  To do this, add their titles to the
  230: list of Invariant Sections in the Modified Version's license notice.
  231: These titles must be distinct from any other section titles.
  232: 
  233: You may add a section entitled ``Endorsements'', provided it contains
  234: nothing but endorsements of your Modified Version by various
  235: parties--for example, statements of peer review or that the text has
  236: been approved by an organization as the authoritative definition of a
  237: standard.
  238: 
  239: You may add a passage of up to five words as a Front-Cover Text, and a
  240: passage of up to 25 words as a Back-Cover Text, to the end of the list
  241: of Cover Texts in the Modified Version.  Only one passage of
  242: Front-Cover Text and one of Back-Cover Text may be added by (or
  243: through arrangements made by) any one entity.  If the Document already
  244: includes a cover text for the same cover, previously added by you or
  245: by arrangement made by the same entity you are acting on behalf of,
  246: you may not add another; but you may replace the old one, on explicit
  247: permission from the previous publisher that added the old one.
  248: 
  249: The author(s) and publisher(s) of the Document do not by this License
  250: give permission to use their names for publicity for or to assert or
  251: imply endorsement of any Modified Version.
  252: @iftex
  253: @sp1
  254: @end iftex
  255: @item
  256: COMBINING DOCUMENTS
  257: 
  258: You may combine the Document with other documents released under this
  259: License, under the terms defined in section 4 above for modified
  260: versions, provided that you include in the combination all of the
  261: Invariant Sections of all of the original documents, unmodified, and
  262: list them all as Invariant Sections of your combined work in its
  263: license notice.
  264: 
  265: The combined work need only contain one copy of this License, and
  266: multiple identical Invariant Sections may be replaced with a single
  267: copy.  If there are multiple Invariant Sections with the same name but
  268: different contents, make the title of each such section unique by
  269: adding at the end of it, in parentheses, the name of the original
  270: author or publisher of that section if known, or else a unique number.
  271: Make the same adjustment to the section titles in the list of
  272: Invariant Sections in the license notice of the combined work.
  273: 
  274: In the combination, you must combine any sections entitled ``History''
  275: in the various original documents, forming one section entitled
  276: ``History''; likewise combine any sections entitled ``Acknowledgements'',
  277: and any sections entitled ``Dedications''.  You must delete all sections
  278: entitled ``Endorsements.''
  279: @iftex
  280: @sp1
  281: @end iftex
  282: @item
  283: COLLECTIONS OF DOCUMENTS
  284: 
  285: You may make a collection consisting of the Document and other documents
  286: released under this License, and replace the individual copies of this
  287: License in the various documents with a single copy that is included in
  288: the collection, provided that you follow the rules of this License for
  289: verbatim copying of each of the documents in all other respects.
  290: 
  291: You may extract a single document from such a collection, and distribute
  292: it individually under this License, provided you insert a copy of this
  293: License into the extracted document, and follow this License in all
  294: other respects regarding verbatim copying of that document.
  295: @iftex
  296: @sp1
  297: @end iftex
  298: @item
  299: AGGREGATION WITH INDEPENDENT WORKS
  300: 
  301: A compilation of the Document or its derivatives with other separate
  302: and independent documents or works, in or on a volume of a storage or
  303: distribution medium, does not as a whole count as a Modified Version
  304: of the Document, provided no compilation copyright is claimed for the
  305: compilation.  Such a compilation is called an ``aggregate'', and this
  306: License does not apply to the other self-contained works thus compiled
  307: with the Document, on account of their being thus compiled, if they
  308: are not themselves derivative works of the Document.
  309: 
  310: If the Cover Text requirement of section 3 is applicable to these
  311: copies of the Document, then if the Document is less than one quarter
  312: of the entire aggregate, the Document's Cover Texts may be placed on
  313: covers that surround only the Document within the aggregate.
  314: Otherwise they must appear on covers around the whole aggregate.
  315: @iftex
  316: @sp1
  317: @end iftex
  318: @item
  319: TRANSLATION
  320: 
  321: Translation is considered a kind of modification, so you may
  322: distribute translations of the Document under the terms of section 4.
  323: Replacing Invariant Sections with translations requires special
  324: permission from their copyright holders, but you may include
  325: translations of some or all Invariant Sections in addition to the
  326: original versions of these Invariant Sections.  You may include a
  327: translation of this License provided that you also include the
  328: original English version of this License.  In case of a disagreement
  329: between the translation and the original English version of this
  330: License, the original English version will prevail.
  331: @iftex
  332: @sp1
  333: @end iftex
  334: @item
  335: TERMINATION
  336: 
  337: You may not copy, modify, sublicense, or distribute the Document except
  338: as expressly provided for under this License.  Any other attempt to
  339: copy, modify, sublicense or distribute the Document is void, and will
  340: automatically terminate your rights under this License.  However,
  341: parties who have received copies, or rights, from you under this
  342: License will not have their licenses terminated so long as such
  343: parties remain in full compliance.
  344: @iftex
  345: @sp1
  346: @end iftex
  347: @item
  348: FUTURE REVISIONS OF THIS LICENSE
  349: 
  350: The Free Software Foundation may publish new, revised versions
  351: of the GNU Free Documentation License from time to time.  Such new
  352: versions will be similar in spirit to the present version, but may
  353: differ in detail to address new problems or concerns.  See
  354: http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/.
  355: 
  356: Each version of the License is given a distinguishing version number.
  357: If the Document specifies that a particular numbered version of this
  358: License ``or any later version'' applies to it, you have the option of
  359: following the terms and conditions either of that specified version or
  360: of any later version that has been published (not as a draft) by the
  361: Free Software Foundation.  If the Document does not specify a version
  362: number of this License, you may choose any version ever published (not
  363: as a draft) by the Free Software Foundation.
  364: 
  365: @end enumerate
  366: 
  367: @node How to use this License for your documents
  368: @unnumberedsec ADDENDUM: How to use this License for your documents
  369: 
  370: To use this License in a document you have written, include a copy of
  371: the License in the document and put the following copyright and
  372: license notices just after the title page:
  373: 
  374: @smallexample
  375: @group
  376: 
  377:   Copyright (C)  @var{year}  @var{your name}.
  378:   Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document
  379:   under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.1
  380:   or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation;
  381:   with the Invariant Sections being @var{list their titles}, with the
  382:   Front-Cover Texts being @var{list}, and with the Back-Cover Texts being @var{list}.
  383:   A copy of the license is included in the section entitled ``GNU
  384:   Free Documentation License''.
  385: @end group
  386: @end smallexample
  387: If you have no Invariant Sections, write ``with no Invariant Sections''
  388: instead of saying which ones are invariant.  If you have no
  389: Front-Cover Texts, write ``no Front-Cover Texts'' instead of
  390: ``Front-Cover Texts being @var{list}''; likewise for Back-Cover Texts.
  391: 
  392: If your document contains nontrivial examples of program code, we
  393: recommend releasing these examples in parallel under your choice of
  394: free software license, such as the GNU General Public License,
  395: to permit their use in free software.

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