File:  [Local Repository] / gnujdoc / binutils-2.14 / fdl.texi
Revision 1.1: download - view: text, annotated - select for diffs
Thu Feb 26 12:47:08 2004 UTC (16 years, 8 months ago) by futoshi
Branches: MAIN
CVS tags: HEAD
Add binutils-2.14.

    1: @c -*-texinfo-*-
    2: @node GNU Free Documentation License
    3: 
    4: @appendix GNU Free Documentation License
    5: @center Version 1.1, March 2000
    6: 
    7: @display
    8: Copyright (C) 2000  Free Software Foundation, Inc.
    9: 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307  USA
   10: 
   11: Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies
   12: of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.
   13: @end display
   14: @sp 1
   15: @enumerate 0
   16: @item
   17: PREAMBLE
   18: 
   19: The purpose of this License is to make a manual, textbook, or other
   20: written document ``free'' in the sense of freedom: to assure everyone
   21: the effective freedom to copy and redistribute it, with or without
   22: modifying it, either commercially or noncommercially.  Secondarily,
   23: this License preserves for the author and publisher a way to get
   24: credit for their work, while not being considered responsible for
   25: modifications made by others.
   26: 
   27: This License is a kind of ``copyleft'', which means that derivative
   28: works of the document must themselves be free in the same sense.  It
   29: complements the GNU General Public License, which is a copyleft
   30: license designed for free software.
   31: 
   32: We have designed this License in order to use it for manuals for free
   33: software, because free software needs free documentation: a free
   34: program should come with manuals providing the same freedoms that the
   35: software does.  But this License is not limited to software manuals;
   36: it can be used for any textual work, regardless of subject matter or
   37: whether it is published as a printed book.  We recommend this License
   38: principally for works whose purpose is instruction or reference.
   39: 
   40: @sp 1
   41: @item
   42: APPLICABILITY AND DEFINITIONS
   43: 
   44: This License applies to any manual or other work that contains a
   45: notice placed by the copyright holder saying it can be distributed
   46: under the terms of this License.  The ``Document'', below, refers to any
   47: such manual or work.  Any member of the public is a licensee, and is
   48: addressed as ``you.''
   49: 
   50: A ``Modified Version'' of the Document means any work containing the
   51: Document or a portion of it, either copied verbatim, or with
   52: modifications and/or translated into another language.
   53: 
   54: A ``Secondary Section'' is a named appendix or a front-matter section of
   55: the Document that deals exclusively with the relationship of the
   56: publishers or authors of the Document to the Document's overall subject
   57: (or to related matters) and contains nothing that could fall directly
   58: within that overall subject.  (For example, if the Document is in part a
   59: textbook of mathematics, a Secondary Section may not explain any
   60: mathematics.)  The relationship could be a matter of historical
   61: connection with the subject or with related matters, or of legal,
   62: commercial, philosophical, ethical or political position regarding
   63: them.
   64: 
   65: The ``Invariant Sections'' are certain Secondary Sections whose titles
   66: are designated, as being those of Invariant Sections, in the notice
   67: that says that the Document is released under this License.
   68: 
   69: The ``Cover Texts'' are certain short passages of text that are listed,
   70: as Front-Cover Texts or Back-Cover Texts, in the notice that says that
   71: the Document is released under this License.
   72: 
   73: A ``Transparent'' copy of the Document means a machine-readable copy,
   74: represented in a format whose specification is available to the
   75: general public, whose contents can be viewed and edited directly and
   76: straightforwardly with generic text editors or (for images composed of
   77: pixels) generic paint programs or (for drawings) some widely available
   78: drawing editor, and that is suitable for input to text formatters or
   79: for automatic translation to a variety of formats suitable for input
   80: to text formatters.  A copy made in an otherwise Transparent file
   81: format whose markup has been designed to thwart or discourage
   82: subsequent modification by readers is not Transparent.  A copy that is
   83: not ``Transparent'' is called ``Opaque.''
   84: 
   85: Examples of suitable formats for Transparent copies include plain
   86: ASCII without markup, Texinfo input format, LaTeX input format, SGML
   87: or XML using a publicly available DTD, and standard-conforming simple
   88: HTML designed for human modification.  Opaque formats include
   89: PostScript, PDF, proprietary formats that can be read and edited only
   90: by proprietary word processors, SGML or XML for which the DTD and/or
   91: processing tools are not generally available, and the
   92: machine-generated HTML produced by some word processors for output
   93: purposes only.
   94: 
   95: The ``Title Page'' means, for a printed book, the title page itself,
   96: plus such following pages as are needed to hold, legibly, the material
   97: this License requires to appear in the title page.  For works in
   98: formats which do not have any title page as such, ``Title Page'' means
   99: the text near the most prominent appearance of the work's title,
  100: preceding the beginning of the body of the text.
  101: @sp 1
  102: @item
  103: VERBATIM COPYING
  104: 
  105: You may copy and distribute the Document in any medium, either
  106: commercially or noncommercially, provided that this License, the
  107: copyright notices, and the license notice saying this License applies
  108: to the Document are reproduced in all copies, and that you add no other
  109: conditions whatsoever to those of this License.  You may not use
  110: technical measures to obstruct or control the reading or further
  111: copying of the copies you make or distribute.  However, you may accept
  112: compensation in exchange for copies.  If you distribute a large enough
  113: number of copies you must also follow the conditions in section 3.
  114: 
  115: You may also lend copies, under the same conditions stated above, and
  116: you may publicly display copies.
  117: @sp 1
  118: @item
  119: COPYING IN QUANTITY
  120: 
  121: If you publish printed copies of the Document numbering more than 100,
  122: and the Document's license notice requires Cover Texts, you must enclose
  123: the copies in covers that carry, clearly and legibly, all these Cover
  124: Texts: Front-Cover Texts on the front cover, and Back-Cover Texts on
  125: the back cover.  Both covers must also clearly and legibly identify
  126: you as the publisher of these copies.  The front cover must present
  127: the full title with all words of the title equally prominent and
  128: visible.  You may add other material on the covers in addition.
  129: Copying with changes limited to the covers, as long as they preserve
  130: the title of the Document and satisfy these conditions, can be treated
  131: as verbatim copying in other respects.
  132: 
  133: If the required texts for either cover are too voluminous to fit
  134: legibly, you should put the first ones listed (as many as fit
  135: reasonably) on the actual cover, and continue the rest onto adjacent
  136: pages.
  137: 
  138: If you publish or distribute Opaque copies of the Document numbering
  139: more than 100, you must either include a machine-readable Transparent
  140: copy along with each Opaque copy, or state in or with each Opaque copy
  141: a publicly-accessible computer-network location containing a complete
  142: Transparent copy of the Document, free of added material, which the
  143: general network-using public has access to download anonymously at no
  144: charge using public-standard network protocols.  If you use the latter
  145: option, you must take reasonably prudent steps, when you begin
  146: distribution of Opaque copies in quantity, to ensure that this
  147: Transparent copy will remain thus accessible at the stated location
  148: until at least one year after the last time you distribute an Opaque
  149: copy (directly or through your agents or retailers) of that edition to
  150: the public.
  151: 
  152: It is requested, but not required, that you contact the authors of the
  153: Document well before redistributing any large number of copies, to give
  154: them a chance to provide you with an updated version of the Document.
  155: @sp 1
  156: @item
  157: MODIFICATIONS
  158: 
  159: You may copy and distribute a Modified Version of the Document under
  160: the conditions of sections 2 and 3 above, provided that you release
  161: the Modified Version under precisely this License, with the Modified
  162: Version filling the role of the Document, thus licensing distribution
  163: and modification of the Modified Version to whoever possesses a copy
  164: of it.  In addition, you must do these things in the Modified Version:
  165: 
  166: A. Use in the Title Page (and on the covers, if any) a title distinct
  167:    from that of the Document, and from those of previous versions
  168:    (which should, if there were any, be listed in the History section
  169:    of the Document).  You may use the same title as a previous version
  170:    if the original publisher of that version gives permission.@*
  171: B. List on the Title Page, as authors, one or more persons or entities
  172:    responsible for authorship of the modifications in the Modified
  173:    Version, together with at least five of the principal authors of the
  174:    Document (all of its principal authors, if it has less than five).@*
  175: C. State on the Title page the name of the publisher of the
  176:    Modified Version, as the publisher.@*
  177: D. Preserve all the copyright notices of the Document.@*
  178: E. Add an appropriate copyright notice for your modifications
  179:    adjacent to the other copyright notices.@*
  180: F. Include, immediately after the copyright notices, a license notice
  181:    giving the public permission to use the Modified Version under the
  182:    terms of this License, in the form shown in the Addendum below.@*
  183: G. Preserve in that license notice the full lists of Invariant Sections
  184:    and required Cover Texts given in the Document's license notice.@*
  185: H. Include an unaltered copy of this License.@*
  186: I. Preserve the section entitled ``History'', and its title, and add to
  187:    it an item stating at least the title, year, new authors, and
  188:    publisher of the Modified Version as given on the Title Page.  If
  189:    there is no section entitled ``History'' in the Document, create one
  190:    stating the title, year, authors, and publisher of the Document as
  191:    given on its Title Page, then add an item describing the Modified
  192:    Version as stated in the previous sentence.@*
  193: J. Preserve the network location, if any, given in the Document for
  194:    public access to a Transparent copy of the Document, and likewise
  195:    the network locations given in the Document for previous versions
  196:    it was based on.  These may be placed in the ``History'' section.
  197:    You may omit a network location for a work that was published at
  198:    least four years before the Document itself, or if the original
  199:    publisher of the version it refers to gives permission.@*
  200: K. In any section entitled ``Acknowledgements'' or ``Dedications'',
  201:    preserve the section's title, and preserve in the section all the
  202:    substance and tone of each of the contributor acknowledgements
  203:    and/or dedications given therein.@*
  204: L. Preserve all the Invariant Sections of the Document,
  205:    unaltered in their text and in their titles.  Section numbers
  206:    or the equivalent are not considered part of the section titles.@*
  207: M. Delete any section entitled ``Endorsements.''  Such a section
  208:    may not be included in the Modified Version.@*
  209: N. Do not retitle any existing section as ``Endorsements''
  210:    or to conflict in title with any Invariant Section.@*
  211: @sp 1
  212: If the Modified Version includes new front-matter sections or
  213: appendices that qualify as Secondary Sections and contain no material
  214: copied from the Document, you may at your option designate some or all
  215: of these sections as invariant.  To do this, add their titles to the
  216: list of Invariant Sections in the Modified Version's license notice.
  217: These titles must be distinct from any other section titles.
  218: 
  219: You may add a section entitled ``Endorsements'', provided it contains
  220: nothing but endorsements of your Modified Version by various
  221: parties--for example, statements of peer review or that the text has
  222: been approved by an organization as the authoritative definition of a
  223: standard.
  224: 
  225: You may add a passage of up to five words as a Front-Cover Text, and a
  226: passage of up to 25 words as a Back-Cover Text, to the end of the list
  227: of Cover Texts in the Modified Version.  Only one passage of
  228: Front-Cover Text and one of Back-Cover Text may be added by (or
  229: through arrangements made by) any one entity.  If the Document already
  230: includes a cover text for the same cover, previously added by you or
  231: by arrangement made by the same entity you are acting on behalf of,
  232: you may not add another; but you may replace the old one, on explicit
  233: permission from the previous publisher that added the old one.
  234: 
  235: The author(s) and publisher(s) of the Document do not by this License
  236: give permission to use their names for publicity for or to assert or
  237: imply endorsement of any Modified Version.
  238: @sp 1
  239: @item
  240: COMBINING DOCUMENTS
  241: 
  242: You may combine the Document with other documents released under this
  243: License, under the terms defined in section 4 above for modified
  244: versions, provided that you include in the combination all of the
  245: Invariant Sections of all of the original documents, unmodified, and
  246: list them all as Invariant Sections of your combined work in its
  247: license notice.
  248: 
  249: The combined work need only contain one copy of this License, and
  250: multiple identical Invariant Sections may be replaced with a single
  251: copy.  If there are multiple Invariant Sections with the same name but
  252: different contents, make the title of each such section unique by
  253: adding at the end of it, in parentheses, the name of the original
  254: author or publisher of that section if known, or else a unique number.
  255: Make the same adjustment to the section titles in the list of
  256: Invariant Sections in the license notice of the combined work.
  257: 
  258: In the combination, you must combine any sections entitled ``History''
  259: in the various original documents, forming one section entitled
  260: ``History''; likewise combine any sections entitled ``Acknowledgements'',
  261: and any sections entitled ``Dedications.''  You must delete all sections
  262: entitled ``Endorsements.''
  263: @sp 1
  264: @item
  265: COLLECTIONS OF DOCUMENTS
  266: 
  267: You may make a collection consisting of the Document and other documents
  268: released under this License, and replace the individual copies of this
  269: License in the various documents with a single copy that is included in
  270: the collection, provided that you follow the rules of this License for
  271: verbatim copying of each of the documents in all other respects.
  272: 
  273: You may extract a single document from such a collection, and distribute
  274: it individually under this License, provided you insert a copy of this
  275: License into the extracted document, and follow this License in all
  276: other respects regarding verbatim copying of that document.
  277: @sp 1
  278: @item
  279: AGGREGATION WITH INDEPENDENT WORKS
  280: 
  281: A compilation of the Document or its derivatives with other separate
  282: and independent documents or works, in or on a volume of a storage or
  283: distribution medium, does not as a whole count as a Modified Version
  284: of the Document, provided no compilation copyright is claimed for the
  285: compilation.  Such a compilation is called an ``aggregate'', and this
  286: License does not apply to the other self-contained works thus compiled
  287: with the Document, on account of their being thus compiled, if they
  288: are not themselves derivative works of the Document.
  289: 
  290: If the Cover Text requirement of section 3 is applicable to these
  291: copies of the Document, then if the Document is less than one quarter
  292: of the entire aggregate, the Document's Cover Texts may be placed on
  293: covers that surround only the Document within the aggregate.
  294: Otherwise they must appear on covers around the whole aggregate.
  295: @sp 1
  296: @item
  297: TRANSLATION
  298: 
  299: Translation is considered a kind of modification, so you may
  300: distribute translations of the Document under the terms of section 4.
  301: Replacing Invariant Sections with translations requires special
  302: permission from their copyright holders, but you may include
  303: translations of some or all Invariant Sections in addition to the
  304: original versions of these Invariant Sections.  You may include a
  305: translation of this License provided that you also include the
  306: original English version of this License.  In case of a disagreement
  307: between the translation and the original English version of this
  308: License, the original English version will prevail.
  309: @sp 1
  310: @item
  311: TERMINATION
  312: 
  313: You may not copy, modify, sublicense, or distribute the Document except
  314: as expressly provided for under this License.  Any other attempt to
  315: copy, modify, sublicense or distribute the Document is void, and will
  316: automatically terminate your rights under this License.  However,
  317: parties who have received copies, or rights, from you under this
  318: License will not have their licenses terminated so long as such
  319: parties remain in full compliance.
  320: @sp 1
  321: @item
  322: FUTURE REVISIONS OF THIS LICENSE
  323: 
  324: The Free Software Foundation may publish new, revised versions
  325: of the GNU Free Documentation License from time to time.  Such new
  326: versions will be similar in spirit to the present version, but may
  327: differ in detail to address new problems or concerns.  See
  328: http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/.
  329: 
  330: Each version of the License is given a distinguishing version number.
  331: If the Document specifies that a particular numbered version of this
  332: License ``or any later version'' applies to it, you have the option of
  333: following the terms and conditions either of that specified version or
  334: of any later version that has been published (not as a draft) by the
  335: Free Software Foundation.  If the Document does not specify a version
  336: number of this License, you may choose any version ever published (not
  337: as a draft) by the Free Software Foundation.
  338: 
  339: @end enumerate
  340: 
  341: @unnumberedsec ADDENDUM: How to use this License for your documents
  342: 
  343: To use this License in a document you have written, include a copy of
  344: the License in the document and put the following copyright and
  345: license notices just after the title page:
  346: 
  347: @smallexample
  348: @group
  349: Copyright (C)  @var{year}  @var{your name}.
  350: Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document
  351: under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.1
  352: or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation;
  353: with the Invariant Sections being @var{list their titles}, with the
  354: Front-Cover Texts being @var{list}, and with the Back-Cover Texts being @var{list}.
  355: A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU
  356: Free Documentation License."
  357: @end group
  358: @end smallexample
  359: 
  360: If you have no Invariant Sections, write ``with no Invariant Sections''
  361: instead of saying which ones are invariant.  If you have no
  362: Front-Cover Texts, write ``no Front-Cover Texts'' instead of
  363: ``Front-Cover Texts being @var{list}''; likewise for Back-Cover Texts.
  364: 
  365: If your document contains nontrivial examples of program code, we
  366: recommend releasing these examples in parallel under your choice of
  367: free software license, such as the GNU General Public License,
  368: to permit their use in free software.

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